New research links coffee consumption to lower body fat in women

The study, published in The Journal of Nutrition, found two or three-a-day coffee chuggers have lower total body and abdominal fat than those who drink less. Now, take hot or cold milk in cups in desired quantities and add the froth on top. This popular drink served across cafes in the country is made by beating egg yolks and mixing it with Robusta coffee, sugar and condensed milk. This steamed milk coffee is normally served in a large cup wide enough for people to dunk their baguettes (French bread) or croissants in. Spiced with cardamom, the Arabian brew is usually paired with dates to counter its bitter taste. Containing espresso and steamed milk and topped with froth or whipped cream, the mélange in the name is French for “mixture.” It is different from cappuccino even though its ingredients make it appear so. This unique concoction is basically coffee on dried Finnish cheese cubes known as juustoleipä, which do not melt when warm brew is poured on them. The “joss” in the name is an onomatopoeia – it is the sound produced by the hot charcoal as it is dropped into the sweetened brew. The elaborate process of preparing this beverage involves roasting of green coffee beans and then grinding them in a wooden mortar and pestle. The grounded beans are then brewed in a special clay pot called Jebena, which lends its name to the drink. The research team examined data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, organised by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in the US and analysed the relationship between cups of coffee drunk per day, and both total body fat percentage and abdominal or 'trunk' fat (adiposity). They found that women aged 20-44 who drank two or three cups of coffee per day had the lowest levels of trunk fat, 3.4% lower than non-coffee drinkers. Overall, the average total body fat percentage was 2.8% lower among women of all ages who drank two or three cups of coffee per day. Commenting on the findings Dr Lee Smith, Reader in Public Health at Anglia Ruskin University and senior author of the study, said: “Our research suggests that there may be bioactive compounds in coffee other than caffeine that regulate weight and which could potentially be used as anti-obesity compounds. “It could be that coffee, or its effective ingredients, could be integrated into a healthy diet strategy to reduce the burden of chronic conditions related to the obesity epidemic.” But Dr Smith also made it clear it was important to interpret the findings in light of its limitations. But before you reach for the cafetière, another new study has revealed that excess coffee consumption can cause poor health and potentially increased the risk of obesity. The study, from the University of South Australia’s Australian Centre for Precision Health, analysed data from over 300,000 participants in the UK Biobank. Commenting on the findings expert genetic epidemiologist, and study author, Professor Elina Hyppönen, said the research results suggest that moderate coffee drinking is mostly safe.  “But it also showed that habitual coffee consumption increased the risks of three diseases: osteoarthritis, arthropathy and obesity, which can cause significant pain and suffering for individuals with these conditions,” she adds. “For people with a family history of osteoarthritis or arthritis, or for those who are worried about developing these conditions, these results should act as a cautionary message.