Charles Dickens' earliest surviving handwritten fragment of Oliver Twist goes on show

A fragment of the original Oliver Twist manuscript and its author’s earliest surviving letter have been added to the Charles Dickens Museum’s brand new online collection. A number of his personal belongings including his writing desk, at which he penned such literary masterpieces as Great Expectations, A Tale of Two Cities, Hard Times and the unfinished Mystery of Edwin Drood, are in the collection. The online collection gives access to a number of objects that the museum is unable to display due to their fragility or a lack of space. The Charles Dickens Museum on Doughty Street is the London home where he wrote Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nickleby. We hope that a search of our new site will convey some of the enjoyment we feel when poking around the storeroom and riffling in boxes; whether it’s the shock of looking closely at a Dickens character figurine to discover it’s made with real hair or the thrill of turning the page of a book from Dickens’sown library and finding his own annotations. Increasingly, we are creating spaces where the public can be in control, search for themselves, make their own discoveries and find the stories that interest them.” Visit the Charles Dickens Museum online collections at Gallery: 90 of the most memorable photos of all time  A cavalry camp showing people, horses and tents on the plains of Balaklava, during the Crimean War. British photographer Roger Fenton’s images from the war were among the earliest attempts to capture armed skirmishes through a lens. Another major reason for the conflict was a running dispute between Russia and Franceoverchurch privileges of the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic in Palestine. The first powered, controlled and sustained flight, performed by the Wright Brothers in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, U.S. on Dec. 17. A spinner in a cotton mill in Georgia, U.S. American sociologist and photographer Lewis Hine’s picture-driven survey of child labor in the early 20th century gave proof about its negative impacts, helping rally the society against employment of children in industry. Between 1914 and 1918, Britain, along with France, Russia, Serbia and other Allied nations faced off against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria and other co-belligerents in “the war to end all wars.” According to the BBC, around six million men were mobilized from theU.K., out of which 700,000 lost their lives. A heavy field gun in action on a cliff at Helles Bay, Gallipoli, Turkey, during World War I. The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915-16 was a failed Allied attempt to take control of the sea route from Europe to Russia.  German soldiers (rear) offering to surrender to French troops, seen from a trench in Massiges, France, during World War I. British archaeologist Howard Carter (L) and financial backer George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, stand at the opening of the Funerary Chamber where King Tutankhamun’s tomb was enshrined, in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt, in February. The photograph by Dorothea Lange, which later became popular as “Migrant Mother,” shows a homeless pea picker with her three children in Nipomo, California, U.S. The lady, Frances Owens Thompson, had to sell the tires from her car to buy food as there was no work during the Great Depression in the country at the time. The German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg explodes as its flammable hydrogen gas caught fire over Lakehurst, New Jersey, U.S., on May 6, leading to the death of 36 people. Among the many clicked on the day, Sam Shere’s photo became the most iconic and won the Editor and Publisher Award for best news picture for 1937. A milkman makes a delivery on a London street devastated by German bombings during World War II, on Oct. 9, as firemen hose down the burning ruins. During the war, the German air force launched a deadly aerial assault against the U.K., where they targeted industrial towns and cities. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill shows the “V for Victory” sign, which became a rallying symbol throughout Europe during World War II. In one of the largest amphibious invasions in WWII history, the Western Allies attacked German posts in a successful operation. After conquering a bunker during the Battle of Iwo Jima in Japan, U.S. Marines raise the American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Feb. 23. Portrait of Albert Einstein sticking his tongue out, taken on his 72nd birthday on March 14 by United Press International photographer Arthur Sasse. On June 25, 1950, around 75,000 North Korean People’s Army soldiers, backed by China and the Soviet Union, invaded the Republic of Korea, which was assisted by troops under the U.N. command. Lasting till July 1953, the conflict ended when an armistice agreement was signedand around five million soldiers and civilians lost their lives. A howitzer gun in action during the Korean War.  Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, wave at the crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace in London, England, following the Queen’s coronation ceremony on June 2. Paul Overby, one of two drivers trapped in the cab of a tractor trailer, is pulled to safety by a rope on the Pit River Bridge across Shasta Lake near Redding, California, U.S. on May 3. The two met to discuss the Bay of Pigs invasion, where a failed attempt was made to reverse Fidel Castro’s Cuban Revolution. A protester puts up a flower on a rifle held by Military Police personnel during a demonstration against Vietnam War, in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Oct. 21. Extending gloved hands skyward in racial protest, U.S. athletes Tommie Smith (C) and John Carlos stare downward during the American national anthem after Smith received the gold and Carlos the bronze for the 200m run at the Olympic Games in Mexico City, Mexico, on Oct. 16. On Dec. 24, during the first manned mission to the moon, Apollo 8 astronaut William Anders took a photo of Earth while orbiting around the natural satellite. Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, was launched by NASA on July 16, with astronauts Neil Armstrong, Aldrin and Michael Collins on board. Armstrong and Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon on July 20 as Collins, the Command Module pilot, remained in lunar orbit. Lt. Col. Robert L. Stirm, a POW from the Vietnam War, is greeted by his family at Travis Air Force Base in Fairfield, California, U.S., as he returns home on March 17 after five years. Richard Nixon bids farewell with a victorious salute to his staff members outside the White House as he boards a helicopter after resigning from the presidency on Aug. 9. The first president in American history to do so, his resignation came after approval of an impeachment article against him by the House Judiciary Committee for withholding evidence from Congress in the wake ofthe Watergate scandal. On June 16, high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, protested against the introduction of Afrikaans as a language of instruction in black schools. This caused long lines at gasoline stations, and for the first time in history, prices exceeded a gallon in the U.S. U.S. ice hockey players celebrate after beating four-time defenders Soviet Union 4-3 in the semi-finals during the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, U.S., on Feb. 22. Police and Secret Service agents react during an assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan outside the Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C., U.S. on March 30. All seven crew members died in the accident, which was blamed on degradation of the seal on solid rocket boosters due to cold weather. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) fell by 508 points, or 22.6 percent – the largest percentage drop in one day, ever. A police officer walks by the crashed remains of Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded midair over Lockerbie, Scotland, 38 minutes after taking off from London, England, on Dec. 21. A lone demonstrator stands in front of a column of tanks at the entrance to Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, on June 5. Demonstrators gather in front of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party, after General Secretary and President Nicolae Ceaușescu fled the building in a chopper, in Bucharest on Dec. 22. Simpson tries on a pair of gloves which the prosecutors had him put on for the jury on June 21, during his double murder trial in Los Angeles, California, U.S. The former NFL star was on trial for the murder of former wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ron Goldman on June 12, 1994. (L-R) Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Jordan’s King Hussein and U.S. President Bill Clinton adjust their ties as PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat looks on, as they prepare to exit the White House on the occasion of the signing of the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, on Sept. 28. Russian President Boris Yeltsin dances at a rock concert after arriving in Rostov, Russia, on June 10 during a re-election campaign. Initially, a Florida family court placed him with his paternal relatives in Miami, who tried tokeep himwith them despite his father’s demands that González should be returned to Cuba. Smoke pours from the twin towers of the World Trade Center after they were hit by two hijacked airliners in a terrorist attack in New York City on Sept. 11. Orchestrated by Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, the 9/11 attacks planned to crash four commercial airplanes on prime landmarks on the West Coast. A husband and wife inspect the remains of their home on the coast of the Ratmalana district in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on Dec. 28, after a massive tsunami wave swept across coastal parts of the country. Triggered by a magnitude 9.1 underwater quake off Sumatra, Indonesia, giant waves lashed on the coastlines of as many as 14 nations along the Indian Ocean, including India, SriLanka and Thailand, on Dec. 26. In late August, Hurricane Katrina struck the southeastern U.S., leaving behind damages estimated to be worth billion and over 1,800 dead. A lone Jewish settler struggles with Israeli security officers during clashes that erupted as authorities evacuated the West Bank settlement outpost of Amona, east of the Palestinian town of Ramallah on Feb. 1. A gigantic cloud of dust known as haboob advances over Khartoum, Sudan, on April 29.  Passengers wait to be rescued on the wings of a U.S. Airways Airbus 320 jetliner, which was safely landed on the Hudson River in New York City, after a flock of birds knocked out both its engines, on Jan. 15. The incident was dubbed Miracle on the Hudson by the media and the crew, especially pilot Chesley Sullenberger, were applauded and honored for the saving the lives ofthe 150 onboard. Firefighter David Tree shares his water with an injured koala at Mirboo North, Australia, on Feb. 9 after wildfires swept through the region. U.S. President Barack Obama and family walks holding hands with activist Amelia Boynton Robinson across the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, U.S., to mark the 50th anniversary of the civil rights movement, on March 7. Boynton was a key figure in the Selma to Montgomery marches meant to highlight voting rights for African Americans. Evans and hundreds others were protesting against the death of Alton Sterling, an African-American man who was shot down bythe local police force on July 5. Don’t forget Syria!”  The police killed the assailant, who was identified to be a Turkish policeman, ina shootout shortly afterward. Since not much was known about the launch among the public, its appearance sparked rumors of Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) on the social media, becoming one of the mostviral photos that year. U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un meet face-to-face in a historic summit in Singapore on June 12. Such a face-to-face meet of the top leaders was a first for both nations.  In order to bring attention to climate crisis, 15-year-old Swedish schoolgirl Thunberg went on a strike outside the Parliament House in Stockholm in August and refused to attend school until the country’s general election on Sept. 9. She sat in a silent protest, with a board that read “Skolstrejk för Klimatet,” which means “School Strike for Climate.” Her actions inspired otheryoung minds from various communities to engage in similar activities. Reuters photographer Kim Kyung-Hoon, whoclicked the photo, had this to say: “After nearly two weeks of documenting the harrowing journey of a caravan of mostly Central American migrants headed toward the U.S.-Mexican border,Isnapped a picture I will never forget...” New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern hugs a mourner in Wellington on March 17. At least 50 people were killed and 50 more wounded after a gunman opened fire at the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre in Christchurch on March 15. Julian Assange gestures to the media from a police vehicle on his arrival at Westminster Magistrates court on April 11 in London. French president Emmanuel Macron said that the cathedral will berebuilt and launched an international fundraising campaign to help with the costs.